Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a prevalent liver disorder characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver of individuals who consume little or no alcohol. It is considered a significant global health concern, closely associated with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.
Symptoms of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease:
Fatigue: Individuals with NAFLD often experience persistent fatigue and a general feeling of low energy.
Abdominal discomfort: Some people may complain of discomfort or pain in the upper right abdomen, where the liver is located.
Weight loss or poor appetite: NAFLD can lead to unexplained weight loss or a decrease in appetite.
Jaundice: In rare cases, a yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice) may occur, indicating a more severe form of NAFLD called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with liver inflammation.
Causes of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Obesity: Obesity is a major risk factor for NAFLD. Excess body weight, particularly abdominal obesity, increases the likelihood of fat accumulation in the liver.
Type 2 diabetes: Insulin resistance, a condition where the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin, is commonly associated with NAFLD. It can lead to increased fat storage in the liver.
High levels of triglycerides: Elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood, often seen in conditions such as hyperlipidemia or poorly controlled diabetes, can contribute to the development of NAFLD.
Genetics: Certain genetic factors can increase an individual’s susceptibility to NAFLD. Variations in genes involved in fat metabolism and insulin signaling may play a role.
Lifestyle factors: Sedentary lifestyle, poor diet (excessive consumption of processed foods, high-fructose corn syrup, and sugary beverages), and smoking can contribute to the development and progression of NAFLD.
In a nutshell
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a complex condition with various underlying causes. Obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high triglycerides, metabolic syndrome, genetics, and lifestyle factors all contribute to its development. Recognizing the symptoms of NAFLD, such as fatigue, abdominal discomfort, weight loss, and jaundice, is crucial for early detection and intervention.
If you suspect you may have NAFLD, it is important to consult with our healthcare professional at Dr. Sunny Medical Centre for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.
You can consult Dr. RinojThomas our consultant in internal medicine. A dedicated doctor skilled in patient evaluation, diagnostics, and treatment planning. He completed his MBBS from the prestigious Kottayam Medical College, Kerala, and his DNB in Internal Medicine from Christian Fellowship Hospital, Dindugul, Tamil Nadu.
Dr.Rinoj Thomas has expertise in managing all general medicine conditions, infectious diseases, lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension, and fatty liver, and other diseases including thyroid disorders, insomnia, heart failure, and pulmonary diseases like asthma, COPD, and allergies.